APJ Abdul Kalam Biography – Abdul Faqir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, commonly known as APJ Abdul Kalam. He is also famous in the world by the name of Missile Man and People’s President. Kalam Saheb’s entire life has been a tribute to energy. Who has traveled a journey in his life from selling newspapers to becoming the 11th Prime Minister of India and the first citizen of India.
He has left a very deep impression of his personality on the people of India. And he has also taught that no matter what the situation is in life, when you are determined to fulfill your dreams, you will definitely fulfill them. Which are proving to be very helpful in taking the young generation forward.
APJ Abdul Kalam headed the Defense Research and Development Organization and ISRO for 40 years as a scientist and administrator of science. He has also made significant contributions to the space program and development of military missiles. He was known as Missile Man for his work in developing ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
APJ Abdul Kalam Biography
Kalam Saheb has also played an important role in India’s first original nuclear test in 1974 and India’s Pokhran Aditya nuclear test in 1998. Kalam Saheb was elected President of India from 2002 to 2007 with the support of both the Bharatiya Janata Party and the opposition Indian National Congress. And after this, he served in politics for five years and returned to his civilian life to pursue education, writing and public service.
In his life, he has been honored with many prestigious awards like Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and the highest civilian honor Bharat Ratna in 1997 etc. He also served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He studied Physics and Aerospace Engineering.
Life of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in a Tamil Muslim Ansar family in Dhanushkodi village of Rameshwar in Madras Presidency. His father Alauddin used to do business of renting boats to fishermen. Kalam Saheb lived in a joint family. There were five brothers and five sisters and three families lived in the house. APJ Abdul Kalam has also learned a lot from the inspiration of his father.
Kalam Saheb always gave importance to the art of learning. Since his family was poor, he spent his childhood in struggle. Kalam Saheb’s ancestors had been rich businessmen and landlords. But due to huge losses in his business, Kalam Saheb had to work hard during his lifetime. At an early age, Kalam had to sell newspapers to support his family’s income.
Abdul Kalam’s education
Kalam Saheb started his studies at the age of 5. His early education took place in Rameshwaram only. Kalam Saheb always wanted to touch heights in his life and his dream was to become a pilot when he grew up. Abdul Kalam also had to sell newspapers to continue his early education. He graduated in Space Science from Madras Institute of Technology in 1950.
After passing the graduation examination, he entered the Indian Defense Research and Development Institute to work on the hovercraft project. He joined ISRO organization in 1962 where he played a role in many satellite launch projects.
After graduation, Abdul Kalam joined DRDO’s Bamani Development Establishment as a scientist in 1960. Abdul Kalam, associated with the Indian Space Research Organization in 1972, got the credit for making India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle as the Project Director General.
In 1980, he placed the Rohini satellite near the Earth’s orbit. And after this Abdul Kalam became a member of the International Club of India.
Abdul Kalam Saheb was the Science Advisor to the Defense Minister and Secretary, Department of Security Research and Development from July 1992 to December 1999. And similarly, for the second time in Pokhran, nuclear tests were also conducted in conjunction with nuclear energy, thereby achieving success in attaining the capability to manufacture nuclear weapons in India. Kalam provided a specific vision to increase India’s development level in the field of science by 2020. And he has also been the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Government of India.
In 1982, he returned to the Indian Institute of Defense Research as Director and focused all his attention on the development of guided missiles. The credit for the successful testing of Agri Missile and Prithvi Missile goes to him to a large extent. And India conducted its second successful nuclear test in Pokhran in 1998 and joined the list of nations endowed with nuclear power.
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam as President
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam served as the 11th President of India. APJ Abdul Kalam was elected President by 90% majority on 18 July 2002 and was administered the oath of office on 25 July 2002 in the Ashoka Class of Parliament House. He was fondly called the people’s President because he had done a lot of work for the welfare of the people and in the interest of the people throughout the country which benefited the people a lot. His tenure ended on 25 July 2007. In 2012 he started a program called What Can I Give and he also focused on the topic of eradicating corruption from the country.
APJ Abdul Kalam passes away
On the evening of 27 July 2015, Dr. Abdul Kalam was giving a lecture on a habitable planet at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong. Then he suddenly suffered a massive heart attack and fell unconscious there. After that, at around 6:30, he was taken to the ICU of a hospital named Bethany in critical condition. But after that a very sad news came out that his death was confirmed only after 2 hours and then the CEO of the hospital, John Saalon also told that when Kalam was brought to the hospital, his pulse and blood pressure had gone.
Immediately after his death, Kalam’s body was brought from Shillong to Guwahati by an Indian Air Service helicopter. His body was displayed in an open area in front of the local bus station to pay last respects. So that the public can pay their last tribute to him. On July 30, 2015, the former President was buried with full honors at P Karambu Ground in Rameshwar.
More than 3,50,000 people, including Prime Minister Modi, the Governor of Tamil Nadu and the Chief Ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, attended the funeral. Kalam’s death led to many events across the country and on social media to pay tribute to the former President. The Government of India declared a seven-day national mourning to honor Kalam.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said about Abdul Kalam ji. “His demise is a great loss to the scientific community. He took India to great heights. He showed us the way” and former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh ji said that “With his death our country has lost a great man.” The former has made wonderful contributions to the promotion of self-reliance in Doggie Key on Defence. I have worked very closely with Kalam as Prime Minister. I have benefited from his advice as President of our country. His life and work are to come. Will be remembered till the video”.